What does tooth extraction involve?
Tooth removal procedures can vary depending on the location of the tooth and the patient’s needs. In many cases, the patient’s regular dentist will perform the extraction. If the extraction is unusually complicated, the dentist might refer the patient to a specialist.
The dentist will always administer some type of anesthesia. They will use a local anesthetic for a simple procedure involving one tooth. If the patient is undergoing a long and complicated procedure such as the removal of all four wisdom teeth, the dentist may administer general anesthesia. The patient may also choose IV sedation, which will let them stay awake and keep them calm and comfortable.
The extraction itself can also vary. In some cases, the dentist will be able to just pull the tooth out. In other cases, they will need to make an incision in the gum to expose the tooth and then extract the tooth.
On wisdom teeth removal
Wisdom teeth are the third molars at the very back of the mouth. They are the last permanent teeth to emerge and typically don’t erupt until the patient is in their later teens or early 20s. They can cause problems because not everybody’s jaws have enough space for the wisdom teeth, so they emerge in an abnormal position. Wisdom teeth often become impacted or stuck in the gum and/or jawbone. Impacted wisdom teeth can cause decay and/or infection and thus need to be removed. Even if a wisdom tooth emerges normally, its position at the back of the mouth makes it difficult to clean.